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Most Important Table Tennis Equipments

Table tennis equipment is very important. I also explain the common errors that new players often commit when buying their first equipment. These mistakes are “expensive”! Avoid them at all costs!

The most important table tennis equipment

Don’t make expensive mistakes. Buying the right equipment is crucial for your playing style. With a racket, a ball, a pair of shoes, you are ready! As a serious table tennis player, all you need are a blade, a forehand rubber, and a backhand rubber.

A blade

A blade is very important. It’s the soul of your playing style. It decides 80% of your shot’s quality.

A forehand rubber

A forehand rubber is the ultimate weapon that you use to attack with the forehand topspin. You need a low-throw, fast and hard forehand rubber.

A backhand rubber

Backhand rubber is the modern tool in table tennis. Nowadays, you can’t win in modern table tennis without the backhand attack. You need a fast, bouncy, and spinny backhand rubber.

If you don’t have time, or you don’t know how to combine the blade and the rubbers then you can buy a good paddle (which has already a good blade, combined with a good forehand and backhand rubber).

Here is the list of the most important equipment in table tennis:

The most important table tennis equipment
FH rubber
BH rubber
table tennis paddletable tennis blades
forehand rubbersbackhand rubber
table tennis shoestable tennis casestable tennis gluetable tennis booster

Equipment for your playing style

It decides not only your playing style but also increases your potential for victory. You need to choose the right racket!

Yes! It’s nothing wrong if you focus on the best table tennis blade, rubber, or other accessories. So today, I will explain to you how to choose the best equipment which fits your playing style, which can help you win more in table tennis.

Liu Guoliang There is no best paddle in the World. The best paddle is the one that fit your style the best. (2)
Liu Guoliang There is no best paddle in the World. The best paddle is the one that fit your style the best

Coach Liu Guoliang said,

Choose the right equipment that fits well your playing style.

Basic Types Of Table Tennis Equipment

Here are some basic types of table tennis equipment. They are a racket, a ball, and a table.

a racket: composed of a blade and 2 rubbers (one for forehand, and another for backhand). You can’t use the same color for these two rubbers. One rubber must be black, and another one must be red.

a ball: 40+ mm table tennis ball, color white or orange. Nowadays, you must use a Poly Ball 40+. We don’t play the celluloid ball 38 mm anymore.

a table: official table tennis tables are 2.74 m in length, 1.525 m wide, and 0.76 m high. And the net included is 15.25 cm high.

standard size of a table tennis table
the standard size of a table tennis table

Minimum Requirements

The minimum required equipment for a player is:

blade: its role is giving the feeling of the ball. It’s like an extension of your arm. The blade decides 80% of your playing style. You should choose the best blade that fits your style.

rubber: add the speed and the spin to the ball. Choosing the right combination (blade + rubber) is crucial. The rubber completes 20% of the characteristic of the racket.

clothing and shoes: Clothing (T-Shirt, Shorts) and shoes are your images. It not only shows your etiquette, your professionalism but also your attitude to the sport.

Please remember: There is no best setup in table tennis. The best equipment is the one that suits your playing style.

Zhang Jike equipment: Viscaria blade
Zhang Jike equipment: Viscaria blade

What is the equipment used in table tennis? You don’t need many types of equipment in table tennis: just a racket, a ball, a table. That’s why table tennis is the most popular recreational sport.

Here are the most important types of equipment needed in table tennis.

You need to have also a short, and a pair of shoes to play table tennis.

Common mistakes when choosing ping pong equipment

I will help you choose the right equipment for table tennis! Don’t listen to reviews out there! Because the wrong equipment can ruin your development stage.

Many new players made “expensive mistakes” when choosing their first equipment in table tennis.

Don’t make these mistakes!

It costs you not only money $$$, but also it destroys the golden time in your development stage. Below I explain the best way to choose the right equipment.

Ping Pong Rackets

Table tennis rackets are the combination of the blade and two rubbers. A racket is made by a blade and two rubbers.

You should make your own racket, don’t buy the premade racket. You need to choose the right combination.

Don’t choose a too-hard blade and combine it with hard and fast rubber. Or don’t choose a flexible blade, and combine it with thin and soft rubber. I’ve explained, “how to choose your best table tennis rackets“.

Some players prefer using a lame (small knife) to a pair of scissors to cut the rubber
Some players prefer using a lame (small knife) to a pair of scissors to cut the rubber

You need to cut your rubbers perfectly and glue them to the bare blade. The blade is wood, so it will absorb the humidity rapidly. After gluing the rubber correctly, you need to protect your racket for the long term.

In table tennis equipment, there is a blade and rubber.

Combination of blade and rubber

The blade decides 80% of the quality of the shots. You should choose a good blade, based on your playing style.

The rubber is about 20% and should be combined with a blade. You should learn how to make a good combination of table tennis. For example, don’t combine flexible, slow blades with thin, soft, and weak rubber.

Watch this video “Understand Table Tennis Equipment | Choose Best Paddle and Rubber”

Understand Table Tennis Equipment - Choose Best Paddle and Rubber
Watch this video: Understand Table Tennis Equipment – Choose Best Paddle and Rubber


Here are some of my advice to protect your equipment:

  • Don’t put your racket in humid condition. Remember, wood hates water! Please protect your racket!
  • Study and search for professional ping pong equipment. There is a reason behind why they prefer these combinations (blade + rubber).
  • If you are a new player, buy your first equipment (under 40$). Don’t buy too expensive equipment for the first time!

Many types of rubbers in table tennis

In table tennis, there are many types of rubber: Pips-in rubber, pips-out rubber, anti-top rubber, Chinese rubber, ESN rubber, Japanese rubber, long pimples rubber, short pips, frictionless pips, sandpaper rubber, etc.

Rubbers used for forehand side, and backhand side

Due to the different mechanisms of backhand and forehand stroke. You should use different types of rubber for the forehand, and backhand. So backhand rubber, and forehand rubber is not the same.

Choose harder and lower throw angles for your forehand rubber.

Choose bouncy and higher throw angles for your backhand rubber.

Choose harder rubber on the Forehand side

Forehand rubbers are generally harder than the backhand side. You should choose +2 hardness degree than your backhand rubber. DHS Hurricane 3 is the common Chinese rubbers used by many professional players.

Hurricane 3 on Forehand. The blade is Viscaria.

Choose the right backhand rubber

Many players asked me “How to choose a good backhand rubber?”. Here is the list of the top 10 backhand table tennis rubber that professional players use!

Well, you need to choose a fast, and bouncier rubber than your forehand rubber. Because your backhand stroke is shorter, and in general, weaker than your forehand stroke.

How to choose a good backhand rubber

In general, most ESN (European rubber), and Japanese (like Butterfly Tenergy and variant) are good backhand rubber.

You can stick with them. For a beginner, stick with 2.0 mm. And use 2.2 mm, and Max for advanced players.

Don’t play with too thin, or too thick (2.3 mm, and MAX) if you are new. Too thin backhand rubber is bad for beginners.

You can use “SEARCH” on this site, and try to search for your favorite rubber.

The main characteristics of a table tennis rubber

Table Tennis rubber is glued to a blade to make a complete racket. You need a red and black rubber for your paddle (based on the official rubber rules). Red rubber is usually harder than black rubber. Black rubber is tackier. Read and black rubbers are not the same! Read the explication here. Rubbers need to have 2 colors.

Chinese table tennis player prefers using hard and tacky Chinese rubber on their forehand side.

Real DHS product vs Fake DHS Hurricane 3
Real DHS product vs Fake DHS Hurricane 3

Chinese table tennis rubbers

Chinese table tennis rubbers have a hard sponge and tacky topsheet. The hard sponge gives the linear feeling and precision in the shots. Tacky topsheet helps players add spin and control to the service. That’s the reason why Chinese players prefer playing with tacky topsheet.

Chinese rubbers require good foundation techniques (footwork, timing, and body motions). Compared to Japanese rubber, and European rubber, Chinese rubber is harder to use for beginners.

Watch this video: How to Choose Best Setup in Table Tennis

How to choose best setup in table tennis
Watch this video: How to choose the best setup in table tennis


The most famous Chinese rubbers brands are Double Happiness (DHS), Friendship 729, and Globe.

Table Tennis Shoes

Table tennis shoes are different than badminton, or tennis shoes. Choosing the wrong shoe can affect your table tennis footwork. Between several brands, Joola and Butterfly shoes are my favorite ones.

good pair of shoe is a must for table tennis
good pair of shoes is a must for table tennis

Ping pong table

The table is in general provided by the club. There are 2 types of table tennis tables: indoor, and outdoor tables. Here is some good table that you can choose from:

Indoor table:

Indoor table tennis table The best choice is STIGA Optimum 30
Indoor table tennis table The best choice is STIGA Optimum 30

Outdoor table:

Outdoor ping pong table - the best choice is from Cornilleau no doubt
Outdoor ping pong table – the best choice is from Cornilleau no doubt


Which one should I buy?

I recommend you buy the Stiga Optimum 30! It’s for the serious competitive table tennis player! High quality and standardized bounce!

Best table tennis glues and boosters

I recommend you choose the strong glue! Strong glue ensures perfect contact and the maximum amount of spin. Here is some best glue in my opinion:

If you don’t know what to choose, take the Butterfly Free Chack. It glues very well and is very clean to remove the residual glue on your rubbers.

What is a table tennis booster?

Booster (also called a tuner, expander) is a chemical substance. Table tennis players use the booster to tune their rubbers to add more spin and speed.

There are many table tennis boosters available on the market: Haifu, Danchi, Falco, Revolution, etc.

Haifu glue Best glue for Chinese rubbers
Haifu glue Best glue for Chinese rubbers

If you want to know more about the booster, tuners, and the chemical substances inside of these, read here:

Read more about Chinese table tennis rubbers (national Hurricane 3, Blue sponge, fake and real rubbers, etc).

Why does the pro tune their Chinese rubbers? Because the booster enhances bout +10% speed and 15% spin.

Another training tool for table tennis

If you want to train at home, alone, you should consider buying these pieces of equipment:

  • Return board: You need a table and a returning board. Practice alone your forehand and backhand techniques.
  • Ball holder: To practice the acceleration and the topspin feeling.
  • The string: To improve the strength of your core muscle (back, legs, hips).

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Table tennis coach in France since 2012, founder of pingsunday.com (the best online coaching program for table tennis players). Born in Vietnam in 1983, Ph.D. in Université Pierre Marie Curie. Read more about him.

8 thoughts on “Most Important Table Tennis Equipments”

  1. Is it okay to choose a japanese rubber for my forehand saide? My blade is dhs power G7. I wanted to buy Chinese rubber like dhs hurricane 3 neo but I notice that there are alot of fake rubbers in the store. One of my friend bought a dhs hurricane 3 neo rubber and we noticed that it is fake becase the top sheet came off easily from the sponge. So coach, is it okay to buy a japanese rubber? they say that Japanese rubbers are durable.

  2. For your forehand side, choose MAX rubber, 2.2 mm.
    You will hit hard with your forehand, if you choose 2.0 mm, the ball will “bottom out”, (very low throw angle). Use 2.0 mm, you will make less spin. So choose 2.2 mm, and hard rubber on your forehand side.


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