This is the first time in table tennis history, ITTF used the “Hawk-Eye” technology in an international competition.
This will be great news for many players! And also important news for players around the world!
TTR Hawk-Eye Technology in Table Tennis
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Hawk-Eye technology, or also called “Table Tennis Review” TTR by ITTF, is first implemented in December 2019.
TTR is developed by RigourTech Technology Company.
For the first time in an ITTF tournament, athletes can review referees’ decisions with the help of review technology. Table Tennis Review (TTR) technology is similar to the Hawk-Eye technology in tennis and a number of other sports.
TTR technology is applied at the 2019 World Tour Grand Final, held from 12-15 December in Zhengzhou, China.
Why use TTR Hawk-Eye?
The ITTF is constantly improving and modernizing table tennis and TTR Hawk-Eye technology will bring about positive changes
If the player has doubts about the referee’s decision, then they can challenge the Hawk-Eye system.
If we are able to reduce the human error or uncertainty, which can naturally occur in all sports, through a fair, transparent and effective system, we believe this will benefit the players, fans, and officials themselves, as has been achieved in a number of sports already.” – Vicky Eleftheriade, ITTF Competition Director
This new technology will help the referees to make a decision and give an accurate score.
What is TTR Hawk-Eye?
TTR is the ball trajectory tracking system, and camera review technology, developed by RigourTech Technology Company.
With the help of high-precision ball trajectory tracking technology, it is possible to replay the moment when a complaint is needed immediately and be reviewed by a match supervisor/ umpire who has the authority to change the decision.
Initial identification based on video evidence.
ITTF chose RigourTech after the bidding process in August 2019 and successfully tested for 3 days backstage at Men’s World Cup 2019.
Hawk-Eye in other Sports
The Hawk-Eye ball tracking and Reviewing systems are not new.
It has been used in many other sports such as cricket, tennis, football, badminton, hurling, rugby union, volleyball, to visually track the trajectory of the ball.
The video assistant referee (VAR) is used in football and is a great success.
FIFA officially approved the use of VAR for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
So why not Table Tennis?
For me, it’s too late! We should apply this technology sooner!, said EmRatThich
In 2001, the technology was first used for Cricket.
In 2006, then it is used officially for the first time at a tennis tour event.
And up to 2019, it is used officially in table tennis, during the 2019 World Tour Grand Final.
12 Ways to use TTR Hawk-Eye
The TTR technology is provided by ITTF so that the athletes have the right to review the referee’s decision that they think is incorrect. With high-precision technology, the time to appeal is immediately replayed and reviewed by a video slow-motion monitor who has the authority to change the original decision based on evidence.
There are 12 examples that you can use TTR technology to track the ball trajectories such as:
During the serve:
- hitting the net,
- not vertical, tilt when launching,
- covering, hiding the ball during the serve,
- hiding hands under the table when tossing the ball,
- toss the ball in the table surface,
- the ball toss does not open and is high enough;
- the ball touches a body part;
During the rally:
- The ball hits the edge of the table or edge of the table.
How to use TTR?
What is the TTR Procedure? And how to use it if you are a table tennis player. ITTF has made some laws, regulations to use TTR.
- Players are always informed about TTR technology before the match starts.
- Players who need to appeal may request TTR technology by saying “TTR” or “Review”.
- Claims to use TTR technology must be made as soon as possible, immediately after the referee announced the score and before the start of the next ball.
- The TTR will only be specific for the reason of fault i.e. toss height.
When did TTR is first used in table tennis?
TTR (Table tennis Hawk-eye system) was first used in test mode during the men’s World Cup 2019.
TTR will use ball-tracking technology to rapidly replay the rally on screen for review by a person with the authority to overrule the original line referee’s judgment based on evidence.
After winning a tender in August, RigourTech undertook three days of behind-the-scenes testing at the 2019 Men’s World Cup in Chengdu, China, from November 29 to December 1.
If full-scale implementation at the World Tour Grand Finals is successful, the ITTF plans to have TTR at larger tournaments in 2020.
The TTR system is not going to be used in all tournaments. It’s used only in some significant tournaments.
Who will decide after reviewing the TTR?
- The umpire requests the TTR with a signal, indicating a square with the hands.
- The TTR crew replays the point in question in the TTR monitor room.
- The final decision appears on the TTR playback screen.
- The referees confirm or change the decision accordingly.
How many reviews that a player have?
The athlete has two chances to request that the referees employ the TTR method. If a player requests a video replay erroneously and the referee rules against him, his number of attempts is limited to one.
Simultaneously, the ITTF is gathering feedback from players and coaches on how to best use the technology, and this rule may be amended in the future.
- 1 athlete / 1 pair of athletes may only appeal a maximum 2 times in a match
- 1 appeal will be deducted if the contestant’s complaint is not successful.
Is TTR applied in all tournaments?
TTR technology will be applied in some selected tournaments.
A player may only request TTR for the referee’s decisions that directly affect him or her regarding the fault or score. It is also important that a player can only request the use of the TTR system if the arbiter made a decision after his wrong action. At the moment, the opponent’s actions cannot be submitted for viewing.
A player cannot request TTR in case an umpire has not called a fault service for the opponent.
Table Tennis Review to be implemented at 2019 ITTF World Tour Grand Finals (ITTF)
Table tennis review explication by ITTF (TTR pdf).
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